Monday, December 13, 2010

Friday, October 15, 2010

Food Journal Essay

Sophie Centi
October 15, 2010
Food Journal Essay
            For the past week in human geography, I have learned a tremendous amount about the food world. We watched a movie called Food Inc. and it showed us the many secrets of the food we consume.  Many factories do different stuff to their products to create a “good” look, but really it makes the food worse, and puts human beings at high risks. Another down fall of the food we eat is that it is being shipped from hundreds of miles away, when people can go to local farmers markets for a better product and not waste so much gas.
            Factories want people to buy their products, so they try to make the items they sell look appealing. By shortening the amount of time it takes for the cow to grow big enough to eat, the companies make more money because there is more food being produced. For instance, to make cows get bigger at a faster rate, they feed cows corn instead of what they are meant to eat, grass. Not only does this affect the cow, it produces e.coli, which is in the meat we eat. When humans get e.coli, they get very sick. A two year old boy passed away because he ate a burger that contained e.coli. Another reason why e.coli is found in meat we eat is because the conditions the cows are in. There are hundreds of cows at the butcher factories that are all sitting, lying, and standing in their own manure, and it gets into the meat we eat. If people bought meat from organic stores, they would be less likely to get e.coli because at the organic farms, cows have a place to roam and are fed grass.
            Another minor flaw in the food business is that many foods have procedures done to them to keep them ripe and not bruised. When I went to the grocery store, I noticed that the apples had a thin coating of wax on them. This is to keep them from being damaged, but think about the fact that human beings are eating this wax. Also, there are chemicals called preservatives in many fruits and vegetables so they stay ripe and keep fresh longer. Organic foods do not contain any preservatives, so they are healthier for you, and you are not consuming chemicals.
Most of the food I ate this week was from different parts of the country and world. When I calculated the distances from where my food came from, I came up with about 35,211 miles. This surprised me so much because my family only travels about 4 miles there and back to get the food at the grocery store.  The instant I had looked at the sticker on the orange I had eaten, I was utterly shocked. The orange was from South Africa. This happens because in Maryland, our weather conditions are not suitable for an orange to grow, and because there is still a demand for oranges, the stores buy the oranges from different parts of the world where it is hotter. It is a huge waste of gas to ship oranges half way across the world.
 I know there is a farmers market about 5 miles down the road, where I could purchase about half of what I ate this week. This would reduce the amount of gas used and I would most likely get a better, fresh product. 18 wheeler trucks can hold up to about 400 gallons of gas, and its mileage is about 10 miles per gallon. With the current gas price at about $3.00, these long distance trips to ship food are a waste. I’m sure most counties have local farm stands that the people can buy their produce from. This would reduce the amount of gas used by a huge amount.
In class the other day, we went to the kitchen and made apple crisp. The other class had products from a further distance than mine. The apples were from a local farm, but the flour, sugar, and other ingredients were all from states in the mid-west area. I think our apple crisp probably had a lower total cost then the other class’s because ours came from closer places. I thought it was cool to experiment being in the kitchen, and I liked looking at the food map that was up, because it showed how much farther the other ingredients came from.
All of these facts that I didn’t know before make me want to change my diet. Before I watched this movie, I didn’t really like or eat hot dogs or hamburgers, and now I most likely will not eat either one. If I did, I would hope that it was organic, so I would not get sick. It’s a very serious matter when people get food poisoning that badly. I am going to ask my mom to buy more of the produce that are in season, or I will ask to buy it from a nearby farmers market. Because organic foods are healthier, and will decrease the chance of me getting food poisoning e.coli, I think I might start eating more organic foods. The few times that my mom has gone to an organic store, she has brought home many normal foods that taste the same if not better. Also, I remember that when we get food from the farmers market, it always taste fresher and richer than it does in grocery stores. Once again, I was very surprised at the distance the food I eat has traveled. The country should try to enjoy the fruits and vegetables that are in season instead of spending extra money and gas on buying out of season produce. All of the gas being used goes back to the last unit dealing with global warming and it shows how easily we could cut back on the amounts being used. The United States of America could be a much healthier country if more people paid attention to what they ate. 

Food Map,+Churchville,+MD+21028&daddr=Pear+%4046.49839225859763,-120.498046875&hl=en&geo

My Food Map:  TO VIEW THIS MAP-  you must click on food map when you get on the site, then click on "food journal map" 

About 35,211 miles traveled for my food. 
18 wheelers hold about 400 gallons
with 10 miles per gallon mileage 

Food Journal

Food Journal
Monday, October 4, 2010
Dinner: salad (Lancaster Fresh Spinach) with balsamic vinegar (Marzetti)- Italy
               Whole Grain Spaghetti (Barilla- Bannockburn, Illinois)
               olive oil (colavita)-new jersey
               salt (France)
Tuesday, October 5, 2010
Breakfast: Frosted Mini Wheats (Kellogg’s)- Michigan
               1% milk- North Carolina
Lunch:  grapes- California
               sandwich-turkey-Ohio (Hillshire farms), cheese-Food Lion (provolone), mayonnaise-Minnesota (Hellman’s Light), wheat                                              bread
               Kettle cooked chips (Herr’s)
Dinner: Mesquite Burrito (from California Tortilla)
Wednesday, October 6, 2010
Breakfast: Cheerios- Minnesota (General Mills)
                   1% milk (Salisbury, NC)
Lunch: grapes-California
               sandwich-turkey- Ohio (Hillshire farms), cheese-Food Lion (provolone), mayonnaise- Minnesota (Hellman’s Light), wheat bread- New Jersey
               Kettle cooked chips (Herr’s)
Dinner: French toast- bread- New Jersey (ShopRite wheat brand), butter- New Jersey (Land Lakes light butter), syrup (Mrs. Butter Worths)
Thursday, October 7, 2010
Breakfast: egg sandwich- bread-New Jersey (ShopRite wheat brand), butter-New Jersey (Land Lakes light butter)
Lunch: grapes (California)
               sandwich-turkey-Ohio (Hillshire farms), cheese- Food Lion (provolone), mayonnaise- Minnesota (Hellman’s Light), wheat bread- New Jersey (Safeway’s brand)
               Kettle cooked chips (Herr’s)
Dinner: noodles- Illinois (whole grain penne noodles-Barilla), with butter- New Jersey  (Land Lakes light butter)
               pear (Yakima, USA)

35,211 miles
About $3.00 per gallon
18 wheeler gas mileages-less than 10 miles per gallon 

Tuesday, September 14, 2010

Summary of Podcasts

Sophie Centi
Summaries of Podcasts
            This first section is showing how in different languages, things can be translated in different ways. The President of Iran said a phrase that translates to a trivial saying. Many people were awed by what their president said, but they also know he has a different style. The second section is talking about a man who is living in Greenland for a year to learn about the countries “northernmost dialect”. They talk about the small population, and he will be staying at for the time period. Also, he says how it is going to be a very different life style. He will eat sea animals such as narwhal, walrus, and seal. They say that global warming will most likely have an effect on these people within in the next 10-15 years. The third section is about foreign movies. They believe that not many people are watching these movies. They are trying to increase the amount that these movies are watched by putting them on Netflix and On Demand. The movies have to be good to be watched. The last section is about a woman who is stating that directions in Urdu are hard to understand. This language has the same word for going straight and turning right. A reporter named Sofia Javed was explaining how they would approach a roundabout and the man would be saying a word that meant right or straight. The driver would go right, but other man wanted him to go straight. The two meaning word confused the driver and made the man telling the directions angry.

Wednesday, September 8, 2010

The Effect 9/11 had on Air Travel Internationally

Sophie Centi

Grace Leung

Emma Wall

The Effect 9-11 had on Air Travel Internationally

On September 11, 2001 three of the United States most prized and cherished buildings were bombed, within the same hour. This disaster changed air travel internationally forever. At around 9:00 in the morning on a regular day, the World Trade Centers in New York were bombed. Then within the hour the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia was bombed. These two disasters, were not an accident, one very important fact that shocked the world was both trade centers were hit by terrorists flying airplanes. The airplane prices, amount of security, to the amount of airplanes flying were greatly affected by the 9/11 terrorism attack. Air travel was affected internationally forever.

Previous to September 11, 2001, airport security was not as secure as it should have been. Undercover agents were able to surpass security and get through with concealed weapons. Also many doors that were past security were not guarded. Anyone could walk right through and get on a plane. “In one situation, a worker opened the door, allowing him near the planes. One agent even boarded a plane sitting empty on the ramp” (“Airport Security Before 9/11”). The pilot and crew did not have to show their ID badges as they went through security. The planes were not very safe either. Passengers were given the option to use restrooms next to the cockpit. “Airlines allowed sharp objects like kitchen knives for the attendants to use when cutting food” (“Before911”). The doors to the cockpit of the plane were not reinforced and were easy to break down. Also, airlines did not screen all of the luggage that would be going onto the plane. Security in airports and on planes was not as safe as it should have been. There were many ways around it, making traveling airlines very unsafe.

The surprise attack on September 11, 2001 was a devastating event to the United States. A little before 9 A.M., it was a regular day in New York City, when all of a sudden a hijacked plane crashed into the twin towers. (Gotham Gazette). Everybody was in shock and many people didn’t know what was happening. The Gotham Gazette states, “At 10 A.M., the first building collapsed. It was slow motion movie-life; an explosion of flames, the building crumbling, the great rumble reaching the crowd, and then a cloud of ash, first in a bubble low to the ground.” The terrorist from the group Al Qaeda picked buildings that would affect the country the most such as the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. September 11, 2001, was an unfortunate event that will remain in history forever.

The attack on the World Trade Centers and the Pentagon affected the airport security in ways such that there were less people flying internationally and the security was much stricter. Starting in about 1983, many more people were starting to fly internationally. The number of people greatly increased all the way up to 2001, when Al Qaeda hijacked the planes. In 2001, there was a major decrease in people flying. The security had a drastic change after the attack on 9/11. Now, people have to show their ID and boarding tickets at the front of the security line. (LHMSHome). Everyone has to follow many specifications. Rules like only having one carry on per passenger, no sharp objects, and no liquids were applied. (LHMSHome). Also, there are metal detectors you have to walk through. Passengers must take off their shoes, belts, watches, hats, and anything else metal. (LHMSHome). Not only was there more security in the airport, but also in the airplane itself. To make sure the flight attendants and pilot were safe, there were cockpits that were bulletproof and able to be locked created. Pilots were then allowed to carry guns to keep themselves secure. (Airport Security Since 9/11). This attack changed airport security and travel tremendously.

Through a great amount of research, it is shown that security increased by a great amount. In 2000, before the attack anyone could take a weapon onto a plane or board a plane with barely any trouble. After the attack it takes a much longer time to board and every single object that can be used as a weapon is confiscated. This is just one example of how 9/11 changed international air travel. Another part of air travel that changed was the amount of flyers which decreased by a great amount after the attack. The prices of air travel did not change at all due to the fact that the bombings did not affect the price of flying by a great amount. The 9/11 terrorist bombing was a tragedy that changed international air travel in many different ways, effecting it forever.


""Airport Security Before 9/11"" California Aviation Alliance. Web. 08 Sept. 2010. <>.

"Before911." LHMSHome. Web. 09 Sept. 2010. < Files/Before911Page.htm>.

Cornwell, Derehk, and Bryan Roberts. "The 9/11 Terrorist Attack and Overseas Travel to the United States:Initial Impacts and Longer-Run Recovery." Working Paper Mar. 2010. Web. 8 Sept. 2010. <http://>.

"Gotham Gazette -- Twin Towers Attack." Gotham Gazette - the Place for New York City Policy and Politics. Web. 08 Sept. 2010. <>.

"After911." LHMSHome. Web. 08 Sept. 2010. < Files/After911Page.htm>.

"Air Traffic - NextGen Briefing." FAA: Home. Web. 08 Sept. 2010. <>.

"Airport Security since 9/11: How Far Have We Come?" Access Control & Security System Solutions
Security News for Security Industry, Access Control, Theft Prevention, Alarm Professionals. Web. 08 Sept. 2010.


Tuesday, August 31, 2010

HumanGeo Terms

Globalization-(V) to extend to other parts of the world; make worldwide ( A good example of this is the internet because more people can communicate around the world.

Humanity-(N) the quality of being humane; kindness; benevolence ( A good example of this is missionaries helping people in other countries.

Culture-(N) the behaviors and beliefs characteristics of a particular social, ethnic or age group ( A good example of this is the Spain exchange students visiting John Carroll; they have a different culture than us.

Civilization-(N) cultural refinement ( A good example of this is comparing the US to a country like Kenya because the US is more advanced in their medical fields.

History-(N) the branch of knowledge dealing with past events ( A good example showing this is a World History class studying a past event like the Civil War.

1. Definition (with a source) 2. Look for example with someone using word that you think is using it well